Conserver Facts

From the book entitled: Stormy Weather – 101 Solutions to Climate Change, by Guy Dauncy and Patrick Mazza:

CO2

  • % of the enhanced greenhouse effect caused by CO2: 52.5%
  • % of the enhanced greenhouse effect caused by methane: 17.3%
  • % of the enhanced greenhouse effect caused by ozone: 12.5%
  • % of the enhanced greenhouse effect caused by industrial greenhouse gases: 12.2%
  • % of the enhanced greenhouse effect caused by nitrous oxide: 5.4%
  • Tons of CO2 produced in manufacturing a car: 5.25
  • Pounds of CO2 produced in manufacturing a daily paper: 0.72
  • Pounds of CO2 saved by recycling 1 bottle: 1
  • Pounds of CO2 saved by recycling 1 paper: 0.25
  • Tonnes of CO2 produced by 1 person flying New York to Paris: 3.8
  • Tonnes of CO2 produced by 1 person flying Winnipeg to Miami: 2.2
  • Conversion factor, carbon to CO2: multiply by 3.667
  • Pounds of CO2 produced by burning 1 gallon of gasoline: 20
  • Pounds of CO2 per mile released if car does 20 mpg: 1
  • Tons of CO2 released by driving 15,000 miles in Chevrolet Suburban SUV: 12.9
  • Tons of CO2 released by driving 15,000 miles in Honda Insight: 3.1
  • Years since US Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency Standards were raised: 26

Energy

  • Primary energy consumed by the world in 1998: 382 quadrillion Btus (quads)
  • % of primary energy provided by fossil fuels in 1998: 85%
  • Potential for gains through energy efficiency today: 50%
  • Potential for gains through energy efficiency and lifestyle changes by 2025: 75%
  • Primary energy needed for sustainable world in 2025: 500 quads
  • Global wind energy potential: 341 quads
  • Global geothermal energy potential: 468 quads
  • Global tidal energy potential: 72 quads
  • Global biomass energy potential: 254 quads
  • Land needed to generate 400 quads if all was from solar energy: 330,000 square miles
  • % of Earth’s total land area that this represents: 0.57%

Wind

  • Year when Danish neighbours built first modern wind turbine: 1978
  • % of Denmark’s wind generated by wind in 2001: 15%
  • Number of jobs in Danish wind energy sector: 17,000
  • Quantity of wind energy generated in Germany in 2000: 6,100 MW
  • Quantity of wind energy generated in USA in 2000: 2,500 MW
  • Quantity of wind energy generated in Canada in 2000: 137 MW
  • Europe’s goal for wind energy in 2010: 60,000 MW
  • US electrical generation capacity in 1998: 3,600 TWh
  • North Dakota’s wind energy potential: 1,200 TWh
  • Texas’ wind energy potential: 1,190 TWh
  • Kansas’ wind energy potential: 1,070 TWh
  • South Dakota’s wind energy potential: 1,033 TWh
  • Lower 48 states’ wind energy potential: 10,871 TWh

Waste

  • Value of carbon displacement via energy efficiency and innovation: $4 – $7 per ton
  • Cost of carbon displacement via solar electrification project in Sri Lanka: $18 per ton
  • Cost of carbon displacement via planting trees with American Forests: $11 per ton
  • Cost of carbon displacement via methane recovery from landfill: $2 per ton
  • Greenhouse gases released in 1998 by US landfills, in carbon equivalents : 65 million tons
  • Number of landfills in the USA: 6,000
  • Number that are capturing their methane gas to convert to energy: 270
  • % of lumber cut in the U.S. that is used for wooden pallets: 11%
  • Number of pallets in the US: 1.5 billion
  • Number of new pallets made every year: 400 million
  • Number of houses that could be framed each year from discarded pallets: 300,000
  • Annual cost to New York businesses to dispose of pallets: $130 million
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1 Comment

  1. Sturgeon  •  Oct 12, 2010 @12:33 pm

    Just a correction of units: MW is not a “quantity of energy”, it’s a rate. You need to specify a time duration to get the quantity. TWh IS a quantity of energy, but you call it capacity, which is wrong as well.

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